Muscle Mind Connection – La connessione mente-muscolo migliora il reclutamento del muscolo target
Per molti anni si è discusso sull’esistenza o meno della connessione tra mente e muscolo e moltissimi bodybuilder furono tacciati di fare della ‘filosofia’ quando cercarono di esprimere ed oggettivare questo fattore.
Ora la scienza ha finalmente messo in evidenza come questa connessione non solo esista, ma sia anche in grado di aumentare in maniera sensibile l’attività elettromiografica del muscolo target.
Voluntary Increase in Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Activity During the Lat Pull-Down Following Expert Instruction
Snyder, Benjamin J1; Leech, James R2
J Strength Cond Res 23(8): 2204-2209, 2009
It has been observed anecdotally that while performing the multijoint lat pull-down exercise, novice strength trainers often rely on the elbow flexors to complete the movement rather than fully utilizing the relevant back muscles such as the latissimus dorsi (LD) and teres major (TM). The primary aim of the study was to determine whether specific technique instruction could result in a voluntary increase in LD and TM electromyographic (EMG) activity with a concurrent decrease in the activity of the biceps brachii (BB) during the front wide-grip lat pull-down exercise. Eight women with little or no background in strength training were asked to perform lat pull-down exercise with only basic instruction, performing 2 sets of 3 repetitions at 30% max. After a brief rest, subjects then performed the same 2 sets of 3 repetitions following verbal technique instruction on how to emphasize the latissimus while de-emphasizing the biceps. EMG activity of the LD, TM, and BB were recorded, converted to root mean square, and normalized to the maximum isometric EMG (NrmsEMG). A significant increase was seen in Nrms EMG in the LD (p = 0.005) from the average of preinstruction NrmsEMG to the average of postinstruction NrmsEMG. No significant differences were observed between pre- and postinstruction muscle activity in the BB or TM. The results show that untrained individuals can voluntarily increase the activity of a specified muscle group during the performance of a multijoint resistance exercise, but the increase probably does not represent “isolation” of the muscle group through voluntary reduction of activity in complementary agonist muscles.